Fruit exports re a very profitable market for the national economy. To get an idea, according to the website Dinheiro Rural, in 2018 Brazil exported 877.5 thousand tons of fruits, both “in natura” and processed.
Even though this represents a share of only 0.9% of exports of the entire national agribusiness, the sector has been showing strength and growth year after year, attracting new investors.
Anyone who wants to start exporting fruit, however, needs to be aware of the documents required for the practice. Check out more figures about the sector and what these documents are! Continue reading!
Check out more figures about the fruit export market
In the year 2018, importing countries purchased more than 95 million tons of fruits, according to data presented on the website Abracomex. The number is extremely attractive.
This generated a movement of USD 135 billion for the sector, 4.9% higher than the previous year.
The International Trade Center, which provided the basis for the data of the matter, points out that 5 years ago this market was 18.5% lower, which shows constant growth.
Brazil also presents a great volume harvested of fruits, guaranteeing a margin for greater growth in exports. The country is behind only India and China. As an exporter, however, the issue is different.
Although the volume harvested is high, Brazil sells only 2% of its domestic production, which puts it in the 32nd position of the global market. In South America we are behind Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru.
Fruit export crops need to be better cultivated on national territory.
We have every reason to lead this market, but we need to get started. One of the most viable routes is the European Union, which accounts for the largest share of Brazilian exports.
In 2018, 630 thousand tons of Brazilian fruits went to the countries of the European Union, representing 72% of sales, according to Abrafrutas.
With approximately 740 million inhabitants, Europe is a large market, although the scenario is also changing and presenting new potential trading partners. One of them is China.
What is China’s relevance in this market?
There are many trade negotiations between Brazil and China starting, which increases the expectation for all sectors, including fruit. This is true for both exports and imports.
The Brazilian Northeast has the advantage, as it is a region benefiting from melon farming, produced in states such as Rio Grande do Norte and Ceará, a delicacy that is highly sought after internationally.
Through the decision to increase trade with the Asian country, Brazil recently signed nine protocols with the Chinese government.
These include one document that involves importing pears into Brazil and exporting melon to the Chinese territory.
Chinese trade is highly disputed and has always been targeted by exporters. After all, it is the most populous country in the world and already consumes a lot of fruit from neighboring regions. This new agreement will strengthen and diversify the sector.
See what key documents are needed to export fruit
We already know that the international market is opening up to us and that Brazil can export even more. Given this, it is very important to understand what documentation is required when exporting fruit out of the country.
It is worth noting that the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (MAP) does not act on the classification and certification of plant products intended for export. The only exception to this is when the requirement of the importing country arises.
In the latter case, the General Coordination of Plant Quality (CGQV) of the Department of Products of Plant Origin (DIPOV) monitors and promotes activities aimed at hygienic-sanitary and technological inspection and inspection.
This is true for any in natura, processed, industrialized plant product and its derivatives, including olive oils, fruits, cereals, and others. These measures are important to ensure the quality and safety of products leaving Brazil.
Regarding the documents, we will list those most important for fruit exports. Check it out:
Registration with Decex (Department of Foreign Trade, MIDC)
Without Decex registration, nothing can be done. The purpose of the company must be included in the articles of association, only then to register with the agency through Banco do Brasil.
From there, it is also necessary to register with SISCOMEX ( Foreign Trade System ).
Another essential document is the Commercial Invoice, which serves as the basis for customs clearance abroad. It is very important that the document does not contain errors, erasures or amendments and can therefore be invalidated.
In the absence of an official model, the form must be completed mainly following the requirements declared by the importing country.
As we have seen before, depending on the country, there are specific inspection requirements, so it is important to remain attentive!
In this document, it is necessary to describe all goods shipped or, depending on the product, all components of that same goods in their quantity of fractional parts.
This serves to identify and locate the item within a batch more easily. It also allows an easier conference at the time of inspection, upon loading and also during unloading.
In the case of fruit, it is good to specify the type of packaging, whether boxes, pallets, etc. Also included here are net weight, gross weight, unit dimensions and total volume.
Certificate of origin
This request is very common among importers from MERCOSUR, the Latin American Integration Association (LAIA) and other countries that bring this requirement into their legislation.
If everything is within the requirements, the Certificate of Origin will receive a visa from federations, associations and chambers of commerce or government departments.
Certificate of weight, quality, and conformity
Some countries require that imported goods be inspected by specialized organizations even before shipment. This mainly applies to products of plant origin but is not restricted to them alone.
Certificates issued after inspection are basic documents for the release of these materials in the countries of destination.
The Phytosanitary Certificate can be considered one of the most relevant among all documents. It is requested in cases of export of plants, fruits, and foods in general. Therefore, it is good to always have you at the top of your documentation list.
Without export registration, you will not be allowed to export the product.
The document is obtained electronically through SISCOMEX, and the importer must be connected to the Federal Revenue Service via Serpro, or even hire the services of a customs broker.
We have talked about some data from this market, what has happened in relation to China, and also presented the main documents that you need to have on hand to export fruits without major complications.
We know that acquiring and gathering all these documents can take some time that you may not have, so the best thing is that you rely on the help of a logistics operator to provide even more agility and effectiveness in relation to the documentation.
If you have any questions about the matter or are interested in knowing how we can help you export fruit with quality and efficiency from the origin to the destination of the cargo, click and request a quotation with no commitment!